Hemmingway-The Sun Also Rises
In the novel The Sun Also Rises,  Ernest Hemingway describes a couple
who share a very strange and distant kind of love for each other. This
story takes place immediately after World War I, a time of great
hardship. This hardship results in a digression of values both
morally and socially. The love that Brett and Jake share is symbolic
of the general decline in values in that they tolerate behaviors in
one another that would have been previously considered  unacceptable.
        It is clear that Lady Brett Ashley is anything but a lady. She is
kind and sweet but extremely vulnerable to the charm that various men
in her life seem to smother her with.  Brett is not happy with her
life or her surroundings and seeks escape and refuge in the arms of
these men. But her actions seem always to end up hurting her, and she
runs back to Jake. Jake knows that he will never be able to have her
for his own, and he accepts this as fact. This is clear when the Count
asks them 3why don1t you get married, you two? (68)2  To this
question, they give a lame half hearted awnser which implies that it
will never happen. He is tolerant of her behavior because he loves her
unconditionally and is willing to overlook everything she does. Jake1s
willingness to endure and forgive Brett1s promiscuity and infidelity
is an indication of the skewed values of the age. It was an 3anything
goes2 era right after the first war, and Jake1s message to Brett seems
to be the same: anything goes as long as you eventually come back to
        Jake is forced to accept living in this seemingly terrible way for
more than one reason.  He a weak person socially, but he is also
physically disabled because of an injury that he suffered during the
war. He suffered an injury that caused him to be castrated. The first
hint of this is when he says to Georgeette 3I was hurt in the war (24)
in refrence to why they can not have physical realtions. This injury
is one that makes him insecure, but worse than that, it allows Brett
to have almost complete control over him. Jake and  Brett need each
other emotionally, but Brett feels that she needs more. As a result
Jake is force to give her up.
        Jake1s feelings toward his friend Robert Cohn are a combination
jealousy, compassion,  understanding, and hate. These are a very
unusual group of feelings for a person to have toward one person, but
it was a very unusual time. Jake knew of Robert1s relationship with
Brett, and it ate him up with envy, but at the same time he knew how
it had ended. He had been close friends with Robert, and had been
through a similar situation with Brett, so he had both compassion and
understanding for Robert1s position. The only problem was the way
Robert choose to deal with his feelings. Robert also could not stand
to see Brett with another man, but he displayed this much differently.
Robert1s presense bothered Jake even though they had been close
friends. Robert backs out of a fishing trip to find Brett, and Jake1s
friend makes a comment about that being a good thing. Jake1s only
reply is 3You1re damn right(108)2. Robert makes a fool out of himself.
He even beats up Jake at one point. Behavior like this was impossible
for Jake to respect and he hated this part of Robert. None of this
would have even been a problem if life during that time had been a
little more solid in a moral sense. Brett would have not been
permitted to act the way she did, while mantaining her social status,
which clearly meant a great deal to her. She would have had to choose,
and most likely her choice would have been that of a more chaste
        In this story, there is a very different way of life from what people
know today.  The relationship that Jake and Brett share is one that
would seem completely unrealistic in today1s time, but to them, it was
acceptable. Jake no doubt would have preferred to have it differently,
but he is accepting of the way it stands. The hardship and the poverty
that is so widely spread in that area during the post war time causes
the people to lower their moral standards. Jake and Brett1s love is
the perfect example.
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