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							Beatlemania in the 1960s
         The Beatles were a mystical happening that many people still
 don't understand. Phenomenoligists had a ball in 1964 with
 Beatlemania, a generally harmless form of madness which came from
 Britain in 1963. The sole cause of Beatlemania is a quartet of young
 Englishmen known as the Beatles. In the less than one year that they
 achieved popularity in England to the time they came to America, The
 Beatles achieved a popularity and following that is unprecedented in
 the history of show business in England. They became the first
 recording artists anywhere in the world to have a record become a
 million-seller before it's release. They became the target of such
 adoration by their fans that they had to cancel all one-night bookings
 because of riots in early 1964. Beatlemania had reached unbelievable
 proportions in England, it became a form of reverse lend-lease and
 spread to the United States. Capitol records followed the Beatles'
 single record with the release of an album, "Meet the Beatles," in
 late January of 1964. That event was followed by the Beatles
 themselves, who arrived in New York February 8, 1964 for three
 appearances with Ed Sullivan. The first show was scheduled for Sunday,
 February 9, the second was telecast from Miami a week later, and the
 third pre-taped for an airing in March. These concerts were the most
 watched television programs ever (70 million viewers) until recently.
 The Beatles' arrival in the United States was presaged by a deluge of
 advance publicity. Newsweek, Time, and Life have chronicled
 Beatlemania, UPI, and the AP(Associated Press) had done their part for
 the cause (including an AP wirephoto of J. Paul Getty sporting a
 Beatle wig), and even Vogue shoved high fashion aside momentarily in
 it's January, 1964 issue and carried a full-page photo of the group.
 Baltimore's respected Evening Sun took notice of the coming of the
 Beatles on it's editorial page at that time. Said the Sun: "The
 Beatles are coming. Those four words are said to be enough to jelly
 the spine of the most courageous police captain in Britain... Since,
 in this case, the Beatles are coming to America, America had better
 take thought as to how it will deal with the invasion... Indeed, a
 restrained 'Beatles, go home,' might be just the thing." Precisely
 how, when, and where Beatlemania got started nobody- not even their
 late manager Brian Epstein(who died of a drug overdose in 1967) can
 say for sure. The Beatles are a product of Liverpool, which had a
 population of some 300 rock and roll bands( or "beat groups," as
 Liverpudlians are wont to call them). The beat groups hawked their
 musical wares in countless small cellar clubs, old stores and movie
 houses, even in a converted church, nearly all of which are in
 proximity to the Mersey River. Out of all these groups came, somehow,
 the Beatles. And they had to go to Germany to do it. In order to
 better their Liverpool take-home pay of around $15. per week apiece,
 John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo (so called
 because of his penchant for wearing at least four rings) Starr took a
 tramp steamer to Hamburg and a job which moved them up a bit
 financially, if not in class. There, in a raucous and rowdy strip
 joint, the Indra Club, the Beatles became the first entertainers to
 play louder than the audience. There, too, they were "discovered" by
 English promoter and talent agent, Brian Epstein, who has since become
 deservedly known as "the fifth Beatle." Under Epstein's shrewd
 guidance, the Beatles soon found themselves signing a contract with
 Britain's giant Electric & Musical Industries, Ltd., the largest
 recording organization in the world and major stockholder in Capitol
 Records, Inc.; headlining concerts throughout Britain; and appearing
 on television. Their first recording, "Love Me Do," was issued by
 EMI's Parlophone label in October, 1962. It sold a respectable 100,000
 copies, and it was the last time a Beatle single sold less than half
 million copies. The first million-seller, "She Loves You," came out in
 the spring of 1963. It was followed by two albums, "Please, Please Me"
 and "With the Beatles." Both LP's sold over 300,000 copies.1 Then,
 finally, came the unprecedented success of the newest single record,
 "I Want to Hold Your Hand." In between there was three extended play (
 a 45 r.p.m. disk containing four tunes) recordings which also racked
 up sales of several hundred thousand apiece. All this resulted in what
 is universally known in Britain as Beatlemania and, as Newsweek said
 of young Liverpudlians, "the sound of their music is one of the most
 persistent noises heard over England since the air-raid sirens were
 dismantled." Their popularity reached a head of sorts when, in
 November of 1963, at the request of the Royal Family, The Beatles
 headlined the annual command performance at the Prince of Wales
 theater. It was a glittering affair and, probably out of deference to
 attending royalty (including the Queen Mother-she found them "young,
 fresh, and vital" - and Princess Margaret), notable for the absence of
 even a small riot. Despite their apparent appointment as Purveyors of
 Rock and Roll to the Crown, the Beatles have taken the whole thing in
 stride. Said Beatle John Lennon to the lords and ladies at the command
 performance: "People in the cheaper seats clap your hands, the rest of
 you just rattle your jewelry." It was not only their good looks and
 wonderfully unique music that made them so popular with the young
 ladies (and men too!). It was their witty charm that was reflected in
 the quote from the Royal Command Performance. Here is part of what was
 said at LaGuardia airport on February 7, 1964: "Will you sing for us?"
 someone asked. "We need money first," John Lenin shot back. "What's
 your message for American teenagers?" "Our message is...buy some more
 Beatle records," returned Paul McCartney. "What about the movement in
 Detroit to stamp out the Beatles?" "We're starting a movement to stamp
 out Detroit." "Do you hope to take anything home with you?"
 "Rockefeller Center." "What do you think of Beethoven?" "I love him,"
 said Ringo Starr. "Especially his poems." "Don't you guys ever get a
 haircut?" "I just got one yesterday," retorted George Harrison. Added
 Ringo: "You should have seen him the day before." There's a little bit
 of Beatle history. One could say that they did not just come out of
 nowhere , like many people believe. It took hard, diligent work to go
 where they went. Because of this "Came out of nowhere to steal the
 hearts of young girls" quote that was often used in the 1960's, many
 psychiatrists felt the need to examine further. Anthony Corbett, a
 noted English psychologist praised the Beatles as having provided "a
 desperately needed release for the inhibitions which exist in all of
 us."2
         Dixon Scott of the London Daily Mirror interviewed a
 well-known psychiatrist (unnamed because of medical ethics) in an
 attempt to get to the root of Beatlemania. "We are all chaotic and
 mixed up inside," the psychiatrist told Scott. "We are anxious to have
 a greater freedom to live. We have a greater feeling of the need to
 express ourselves...in the past we have been controlled
 automatons...but you cannot hold nature back forever. All the parts in
 use had to seek an outlet and rhythm is one of these outlets...then
 along came the Beatles with their fresh beat and fresh innocence." The
 psychiatrist then came to the crux of the problem: "A revolution is
 taking place," he said. "It amounts to freedom with a sense of
 responsibility and honesty. The fans recognize the honesty that shines
 from the Beatles." "While other pop stars have thought in artificial
 terms of reaching out to their audiences, the Beatles are giving
 honestly, as well as receiving." In a lengthy article in the New York
 Times, Frederick Lewis of that paper's London bureau, examined the
 sociological implications of Beatlemania and came up with other
 theories. "They (The Beatles) are working class and their roots and
 attitudes are firmly of the north of England. Because of their
 success, they can act as spokesman for the new, noisy,
 anti-establishment generation which is become a force in British
 life," Lewis wrote. "The Beatles are part of a strong-flowing reaction
 against the soft, middle class south of England, which has controlled
 popular culture for so long." Beatlemania has touched all corners of
 English and American life and all types of people. Obviously , it had
 an enormous effect on America. The proof can be shown in the millions
 upon millions of records they have sold in the last 32 years that they
 have been making records (in the present tense because they are still
 releasing records today). In the first Beatles fanzine in America, it
 shows how crazy America was at this time over the Beatles. It has life
 stories, full page pictures, how to do the Beatle dance, and the
 Beatle haircut. The big contest was to win a call from the Beatles.
 And at the end there was some wallet size photos for the girl's
 purses. It is obvious that the Beatles influenced everyone's lives.
 From the shrieking girls, to the parents of those girls, and the
 police officers that tried their best to contain the
 uncontrollable(girls). Their popularity diminished after they stopped
 touring in 1966, which was due to the strain and stress of touring
 that they had endured. But their impact was to last forever. The
 wanting of the reunion has been so big that they are reuniting to
 collaborate for a new album. It will undoubtedly be a best seller.
 After all these years, people still love them. 1 According to "The
 Beatles"- The first American Beatle Fan-zine. 2 All quotes courtesy of
 "The Beatles"- The First American Beatle Fan-zine.
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